The Joint Monitoring Mission Situation Report
22 - 28 October 2004
The Nuba is quiet.
- A short budgetary reprieve; thanks to the Norwegian's latest contribution
and the confirmed Swedish pledge, JMC can continue to function into December,
though funds are still inadequate to commit money to arrest the decline in operational
vehicles and communications equipment..
- GOS's continued denial of JMC access to the southern part of Lagawa Province.
To maintain increased vigilance along the AOR's western boundary, to build on
this week's air recces.
4. Mines and Mine Clearing.
- Land Mine Action (LMA). Operations continued on Katcha AP minefield; cleared
843 sqm (no mines found). Second team continued work on Krongo AP minefield;
cleared 521 sqm (1 x POMZ destroyed). Krongo task suspended 26 Oct due to limited
casevac services. LMA continued with training center construction in Kauda and
recruitment of deminers for additional 2 teams in SLPA area.
- Danish Church Aid (DCA). JASMAR 1 and JASMAR 2 returned from leave on 23
Oct and resumed operations 25 Oct after equipment check and refresher training.
Operations suspended 26 Oct due to limited casevac services. OSIL 1 and OSIL
2 on leave until 31 Oct. DANMINAR dogs finishing Umm Serdiba road task, with
remaining dog to be scheduled for re-accreditation 30-31 Oct.
- RONCO Consulting Corporation (JMM team). RONCO commenced large loop detection
demining on Heiban Road 23 Oct clearing over 500m, to be followed by mine detection
dogs when accredited. Dog training continued in preparation for accreditation
- Swiss Foundation for Mine Action (FSD). Continued with Basic Deminers Course
in Umm Serdiba and marking of minefields in Western Jebels (less 26 Oct due
to limited casevac services).
- Additional Mine Activities. SLIRI resumed Impact Survey in Eastern Jebels.
- MRE Activities.
1. DCA: Limited MRE due to teams on leave.
2. SC (US): SC(US) continued MRE in Katcha, under integrated approach and discussed
lessons learned to apply in Krongo integrated approach.
- 2004/2005 Annual Needs Assessment. With the ANA just finished and its results
being recorded some conclusions can already be drawn, particularly in the case
of Talodi (Sector III). JMC provided logistical support and also made available
HAO's assistant. The assessment team (comprising staff of FAO, Save the Children
- US, WFP, Ministry of Agriculture, HAC, Ru'ya and JMC) visited the GoS administered
area from 17 Oct to 18 Oct. Talodi locality has ten Internally Displaced Persons
(IDP) camps: Dar es Salaam, El Faid, El Kook, Kowaga, Mandy, Ramla, Salamat,
Talodi, Tambaira and Um Adara. Liri has one IDP camp. IDPs have been in these
camps for 1 to 3 years, except for 450 Shilluk IDPs who moved into Liri in the
middle of 2004. All camps are isolated but for Liri where IDPs have integrated
into the local community. The team visited two camps near Talodi town: Dar es
Salaam and Ramla. Regarding the nutritional status it was found that the condition
of most of the children (though there were many healthy looking children) in
the two camps was generally poor with evidence of severe and moderate malnutrition
among many children. Also a case of kwashiorkor was diagnosed, a Ghanaian term
meaning "the sickness the old baby gets when the new baby comes",
a protein deficiency disease arising from a change to a vegetable diet after
the more nutritious milk. Feeding with sufficient protein (Corn Soya Blend,
CSB) both cures and prevents the disease that without treatment may lead the
child to die before the age of five. Several elderly women appeared rather thin
and the general appearance of the population reflects a non-productive agricultural
area with no livestock. Clearly there appears to be a chronic malnutrition problem
in the area. The causes (to name but a few) of this food insecurity vary from
small size of plots, cultivation by IDPs on rocky hills, striga weed infestation
(a persistent pest with pretty pink flowers that prevents crops from growing)
to isolation of the area by poor roads. WFP will start food distribution (including
CSB) as soon as the road condition has improved.
- German Agro Action. Whereas GAA has been supporting several initiatives in
Kadugli during 1999 and 2000 some years went by before GAA returned to the Nuba
Mountains. GAA is establishing itself in GoS administered Lagawa (Sector II).
Project manager is Heinz Fichtmueller, an agronomist with many years of experience
in Africa. The initially three-year programme has a number of components as
food security, health and peace building/conflict transformation. Though the
first two may at first sight be more concrete (ranging from local test plots,
crop diversification and arid soil renovation to training and seed provision
to local farmers), they do not exclude the latter.
- Norwegian Refugee Council. NRC with offices in Khartoum and Bentiu is exploring
possibilities (in cooperation with among others the Ministry of Education) to
start literacy and numeracy training for children in the Kadugli area next year.
This plan obviously depends on funding.
- Health. Sector III assisted MEDAIR with the delivery of mainly malaria drugs
for Liri. At the same time JMC provided transport for three polio vaccination
teams to Heiban. MEDAIR will organise a six-day cross-line EPI (Expanded Programme
of Immunisation) course in Julud (Sector V) for health facilitators.
- Security Meeting. The biweekly security meeting will take place Mon 1 Nov
at 1000hrs in the CIMIC Centre.
- HAC/NMPACT Meeting. The monthly Inter-Agency Coordination meeting will be
held in Kadugli Wed 3 Nov at 1300hrs in the HAC Office.
W G PRIOR
Chief of Staff
For Head of Mission