The Joint Monitoring Mission Situation Report
10 - 16 September 2004
JMC Operations are now at normal and sustainable level, however still strained
by the road conditions in the AOR. Nuba Mountains are still to be considered
to be without any major tensions or concerns between the parties.
The Missions greatest concern still remains with the current budgetary
situation. There have been clear indications from donor countries that funding
will be available for the mission, however, only some of the outstanding funds
have yet been made available.
- Operation BORAM BADGER initial phase ended on 16 September. Some progress
between the parties can be noticed and the findings will be brought forward
to both GoS and SPLM/A authorities in next phase, in a further attempt to break
the deadlock along the Frandella /Al Reika Road.
- Regarding JMC right to inspect 15TH Div, JMC still have not received a formal
letter of GoS interpretation of the CFA on this matter from Commander Central
- The Mission has noted an increase of the SPLA troop movements and other
preparations for the upcoming formation of the Joint integrated Units (JIU).
In addition to resolving the specific concerns above:
- Continue to monitor the SPLA JIU selections and troop movements.
- Conduct a meeting with, and a visit of the new GoS Wali Markzos Kuku, in
order to familiarize him with JMC Mission and discuss, amongst other things,
the situation along the Frandella /Al Reika Road.
- Conduct planned visits and continue operations and training in the process.
4. Mines and Mine Clearing.
- Land Mine Action (LMA). Operations continued on Katcha AP minefield; cleared
209 sqm (no mines), despite difficult terrain and many deminers with malaria.
Second team continued work on Krongo AP minefield; cleared 146 sqm (no mines),
with malaria seriously affecting operations. UNMAS conducted QA visit to Katcha
and a site visit to Krongo.
- Danish Church Aid (DCA). JASMAR 1 cleared 371 sqm and JASMAR 2 cleared 50
sqm, both in village of Sama, no mines found. OSIL 1 cleared 264 sqm and OSIL
2 cleared 374 sqm on Umm Serdiba Road task. Conducted QA visit to JASMAR 2.
- RONCO Consulting Corporation (JMM team). Waiting for RONCO to complete WFP
task in Rumbek (estimate end Sep) and potential visit by Dept of State to Nuba
region early Oct timeframe.
- Fondation Suisse de Déminage. FSD have commenced operations in Western
Jebels and are commencing selection process to expand both teams by 2 deminers
and a driver. Also, will select medics and re-train using International Medical
- Additional Mine Activities.
1. The two SLIRI impact survey teams have attempted to reach remaining mine
affected villages, but rains impede access to these areas. Teams stood down
until 24 Sep.
2. Dog boxes prepared for accreditation vegetation removed and items
3. Rickard Hartmanns temporary replacement arrived Mats Rullander
(SRSA) until mid Dec.
4. UNMAS hosted visit by NMAO Fin/Admin/Log to improve levels of support.
5. Discussions continue with UNMAS building options decision expected
from UN NY.
- MRE Activities.
1. DCA: OSIL and JASMAR MRE teams commenced operations.
2. SC (US): SC (US) conducted MRE in Katcha on 15 Sep 04.
- UNMAS MRE:
Hosted MRE Coordination meeting 14 Sep.
Confirmed MRE Workshop arrangements at IFAD 6-11 Oct.
- Annual Needs Assessment In cooperation with HAC as focal point (and for
the SPLM administered areas SRRC), international agencies (including JMC) and
NGOs, WFP will conduct its Annual Needs Assessment (ANA) from 28 September to
21 October in the Nuba Mountains. The main questions (outlined in WFPs
Annual Needs Assessment (ANA) Strategy Paper 2004) addressed by
the ANA include: what are the main causes of food insecurity; where and how
many people are affected; how long and how much assistance is needed and what
modality of assistance is best suited to mitigate the food security crisis.
Answers to these questions should result in the identification of food gaps,
which vulnerable groups require assistance in 2005 and what non-food needs are
required to strengthen the food security situation of those groups, such as
access to water, agricultural inputs, veterinary medicine, health, education
and the like.
The main methodology to do so is the Household Economy Analysis (HEA) that is
based upon the assumption that if we know how much food an average household
in a specific location normally consumes over a certain time period and how
that food is accessed by the households various income and non-income
sources, then a baseline picture of its food economy can be developed. There
are three categories of households in terms of food security: the better off,
average and the worse-off. The results of HEA indicate whether or not a given
population is food insecure and currently in need of assistance.
The assessments will focus on two types of locations: Operation Lifeline Sudan
(OLS) areas that are often referred to as war-zones and transitional zones such
as the Nuba Mountains region (the SPLM administered areas); and the drought
prone largely agricultural regions of Northern Sudan, excluding the Darfur region
since a multi-agency food security nutrition assessment is currently on-going
in the area. The selected sites will include areas that are currently highly
food insecure or that have a high probability of being food insecure during
2004-05. Locations with high malnutrition rates and those hosting significant
numbers of war and drought affected IDPs will also be selected. Two meetings
were held this week to select villages in the six GoS administered localities
Kadugli, Lagawa, Talodi, Abu Jubaiyah, Rashad and Dileng. The regional assessment
team workshop will take place from 26 27 September in El Obeid.
The past few years have seen an improvement of existing conditions though households
in the Nuba Mountains have not yet become fully self sufficient. In 2004 they
required food aid for only three months, in 2003 for only four months, compared
to eight to twelve months of food needs during 2002.
- HAC/NMPACT Meeting The monthly Inter-Agency Coordination meeting will be
held in Kadugli Wednesday 6 October 13.00hrs in the HAC Office.
H M Granlund
Chief Operations Officer
For Head of Mission