The Joint Monitoring Mission Situation Report
3 - 9 September 2004
The missions Area of Operation still endures the rainy season. Although some
troop movements have been tracked, the overall assessment is that calm prevails.
The Missions greatest concern still remains with the current budgetary
situation. There have been clear indications from donor countries that funding
will be available for the mission, however, no additional funds have yet been
- JMC still awaits the Commander Central Command formal letter outlining suggested
GoS interpretations to the CFA regarding JMC inspections of 15TH Div. As soon
as this has been received, it will be forwarded to the FoNM
- An increase in SPLA troop movements has been noticed the last weeks. This,
by order of the SPLA, is to review their units in preparation of the upcoming
formation of the Joint integrated Units (JIU). JMC has received some information
to these movements and are actively pursuing the matter.
- Operation BORAM BADGER started on 8 September. The operation was launched
in order to target and possibly defuse the building tensions along the Talodi
In addition to resolving the specific concerns above:
- Continue to monitor the SPLA current troop movements
- To prepare the large number of planned incoming visits and other events during
- To invite and continue to prepare for UN SRSG Mr Pronk and the designated
UN Force Commander for a familiarisation visit to the JMC operations and AoR.
4. Mines and Mine Clearing.
- Land Mine Action (LMA). Operations continued on Katcha AP minefield; cleared
526 m2 in difficult terrain (4 x No 4 mines). Second team continued work on
Krongo AP minefield; cleared 373 m2 (1 x No 4, 1 x 82mm mortars, 1 x RPG7).
UNMAS conducted QA visit to both sites.
- Danish Church Aid (DCA). JASMAR 1 cleared 45.5 m2 and JASMAR 2 cleared 25.7
m2, both in village of Sama. Both OSIL teams (SPLA) returned to work after 5
day strike period, working in Umm Serdiba. UNMAS conducted QA visit to JASMAR
- RONCO Consulting Corporation (JMM team). Waiting for RONCO to complete WFP
task in Rumbek and potential visit by Dept of State to Nuba region early Oct
- Fondation Suisse de Deminage. FSD non-operational until medics trained to
adequate level, currently awaiting travel permit and arrival of FSD international
- Additional Mine Activities.
1. The two SLIRI impact survey teams have continued with Impact Survey in Eastern
2. Field orientation continued for SRSA EOD Coordinator.
3. UNMAS and PAE Engr continued to work on design and layout for new office
4. UNAMS prepared two project proposals for German Embassy, delivered by HoM,
for (1) mine marking stores and (2) route clearance.
5. UNMAS assisted in JMC National Training Day on 7 Sep by providing mine awareness
- MRE Activities.
1. DCA: OSIL and JASMAR MRE teams commenced operations after completing refresher
2. SC (US): SC(US) conducted MRE in Katcha on 2 Sep 04 and conducted MRE in
4 schools in Kadugli.
3. UNMAS MRE:
a) MRE Associate coordinated 4-day MRE Workshop in Nuba early in Oct at IFAD
b) MRE Associate will visit JASMAR MRE 9 Sep.
- Malaria. The AOR is in the middle of the rainy season and malaria is a major
concern. Malaria continues to be considered one of the greatest scourges of
humanity. At least a million deaths are caused by malaria every year, principally
among children, about 9% of all childhood deaths. Mortality though, is only
a small fraction of morbidity.
It is estimated that in the highly epidemic regions of Africa, the approximately
650 million inhabitants are infected, on average, more than once a year. The
economic implications of a frequently sick population are evident. The rise
of drug resistance in Plasmodium falciparum, the deadly species of the disease,
to conventional treatments such as chloroquine, sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine, or
the combination of these drugs, is the leading cause of the global increase
in childhood malaria deaths.
There is a new, highly effective treatment known as artemisinin-class combination
therapy (ACT) to treat drug resistant malaria. Artemisinins are derivatives
from Artemisia annua (sweet wormwood). In due time, resistance to artemisinins
will develop, so they should be given in combination with some other medication.
One such ACT is artesunate, however, its availability in the Nuba Mountains
is not foreseen in the immediate future, as it is rather expensive
(about US$2 a treatment). Some specialists (for sources: email@example.com ) wonder
how then the WHO will make good on its 1998 Roll Back Malaria campaign
to halve deaths from malaria by 2010.
One way to reduce the number of malaria cases is the distribution of insecticide-treated
bed nets. MEDAIR distributed 7300 nets in the SPLM administered Western Jebels
(Sector V) among pregnant women and children below the age of five years. Equally
Save the Children US and the Ministry of Health distributed nets in the
GoS administered areas. These nets, or at least the insecticide part of it,
will last five years. The nets are available at SD100 SD200 whereas those
who cannot afford this price, the very vulnerable, receive them
without charge. Some medical experts say the use of bed nets would cut the number
of children killed by malaria by 27%. Prevention is, of course, essential. Radio
Kadugli now broadcasts a series of programmes by MEDAIR that addresses the different
ways to control and reduce the incidence of malaria.
- Peace building, Christianity and Islam. The Sudan Council of Churches for
Western Sudan Region (represented by the Roman Catholic Church and the Episcopal
Church) organised a two-day seminar in collaboration with the South Kordofan
Ministry of Social and Cultural Affairs in the Kadugli Forestry Hall 1
2 September. About 50 religious leaders, state and local authorities attended
the seminar focusing on the role of Muslim and Christian religious leaders in
the peace building process, the role of local leaders in conflict resolution
and reconciliation. The interfaith seminar resulted in a total of 36 recommendations,
which centred on enhancing an inclusive and community driven approach to peace
building with the two religions playing a major role in attaining this goal.
When it comes to the community, many recommendations are a plea for the re-introduction
of a truly indigenous administration with, for instance, local leaders chosen
by the population and invested with more judicial and financial authority.
- Security Meeting. The biweekly security meeting will take place Monday,
13 Sep, at 10.00 hrs in the CIMIC Centre.
H M Granlund
Chief Operations Officer
For Head of Mission