NUBA MOUNTAINS PEACE AGREEMENT
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
NUBA MOUNTAINS PEACE AGREEMENT
In the same framework of the Sudan Peace Agreement concluded on 21.4.1997, a separate peace agreement has been signed between the Government of Sudan and the Nuba Mountains United SPLM/A. The then Secretary-General of the Supreme Council for Peace, Republic of the Sudan Mr. Mohammed El-Amin Khalifa has signed the agreement on behalf of the Government, while Commander Mohammed Haroun Kafi Aburass chairman of SPLM/A Nuba Mountains Central Committee has signed on behalf of Nuba Mountains United SPLM/A. The most outstanding significance of this agreement is that it recognised for the first time since Sudan independence in 1956, the fact that there has been a long-standing problem in the Nuba mountains area. This agreement is based upon the "Declaration of Principles" agreed upon by the two parties on 31.7.1996 in Nairobi, Kenya. Hereunder is the text of the above mentioned Declaration of Principles :
DECLARATION OF PRINCIPLES FOR THE RESOLUTION OF THE NUBA
MOUNTAINS' PROBLEM (SUDAN)
-Out of our conviction that both peaceful and political dialogues are the ideal, and appropriate
means for resolving all the Sudan's conflicts and problems.
-Having realized and acknowledged
the fact Nuba Mountain’s state problem is one of the Sudan's historical and long standing
problems that requires a solution through an objective and constructive dialogues between the
concern parties so as to create a conducive atmosphere and a peaceful co-existence as well as
achieving a prosperous future for the Nuba Mountains state.
- And in recognition of the parties to the peculiarity and the unique nature of the solution of the
Nuba Mountains' state problem in comparison to that of any other regions in the Sudan.
- And in recognition of those efforts exerted by the region's sons internally and externally, the
parties referred to hereafter declare, commitment to the following principles as means for
reaching a final and ever lasting just solution for this problem in question:
To recognize that there has been a long-standing problem in the Nuba Mountains state which
has led to the armed struggle since 1984.
2. The parties, therefore confirm their commitment to the peaceful and political solution
channelled through constructive dialogue as an ideal means to solve all the Sudan's problems,
conflicts and disputes.
3. The two parties have acknowledged their abiding and observing the unity of the Sudan with
its geographical and political borders of 1956.
4. The parties have acknowledged the importance and necessity of taking stand and a vision of
the problems from regional perspective and within the frame of a united Sudan as the ideal
means for solving the Nuba Mountains state question far from that of the SPLM/A of Dr. John
5. The parties have agreed to consider the political charter "10th of April 1996" as a general
frame for solving and as a ground for embodying the rest of Sudan's problems and questions of
a national nature.
6. The sharia and the customary laws shall both be equally the legislative sources of the Nuba
Mountains state, in addition the region has the right to legislate complementary laws to those
federal ones on questions and problems peculiar to the Nuba Mountains state.
7. Citizenship, shall be the basis for the rights and duties that include freedom, equality, justice
and human rights.
8. The parties acknowledge, and are self-committed to principles of the religious and faiths
ENGINEER ISMAIL ALI SAADELDIN
Deputy Chairman of Central Committee of the Sudan Peoples Liberation Movement and Peoples Liberation Army, Nuba Mountains and Chairman of its Negotiations Team.
AHMED MOHAMED HAROUN
Director General of Peace Resettlement Administration, South Kordofan and Chairman of GoS Negotiations team.
Nairobi, Kenya. 31/7/1996
CENTRAL COMMITTEE OF SPLA/M NUBA MOUNTAINS
1. Engineer ABDELBAGI HAMDAN KABEIR - SECRETARY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS AND THE SOKESMAN.
2 . ENG. RIZIGALLLA BAKHAT KAHMIS - AGRICULTURE, NATURAL RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENT SECRETARY
3 . DR. AMAR JADELKARIM MAHMMOUD - SECRETARY OF HEALTH AFFAIRS
4 . CDR. AKASHA ALSAID AKASHA SECRTARY FOR (HUMANITARIAN AFFAIRS AND SOCIAL WELFARE)
5 . A/CDR. ELTAJ ELTIGANI ARWA
6 . A/CDR.. NASRELDIN HAROUN KAFI ABURASS.
SUDAN GOVERNMENT DELEGATION
1.ISMAIL DIGLES NEJAR- DEPUTY SECRTARY GENERAL FOR S. KORDOFAN STATE, GOVERNMENT.
2 . MUSA SOMI RAIIMATAIIA - CHAIRMAN OF PEACE COMMITTEE COUNCIL IN SOUTH KORDOFAN STATE
3 . AHMED MUSA HARIN - MEMBER OF NATIONAL COUNCIL
4 . HASSAN KUNDA TORUBA - MEMBER OF THE SUPREME COTUNCIL FOR PEACE
5. REV. YUNTHAN HAMMAD KUKU - MEMBER OF THE SUPREME COUNCIL FOR PEACE
CDR. MOHAMED HAROUN KAFI ABURASS - CHAIRMAN OF SPLA/M NUBA MOUNTAINS CENTRAL COMMITEE
(R) BRIG. PSC HAMAD ABDEIKARIM ELSAID - MINISTER OF FINANCE SOUTH KORDOFAN STATE, AND HEAD OF SUDAN GOVERNMENT DELEGATION.
Nairobi, Kenya. 31/7/1996
The Sudan government delegation in its negotiation with the SPLM/A Nuba Mountains Central
Committee has taken notice of the report which has been prepared by Dr. Abdel aati Badr
Suleiman, Deputy Chairman of the Production Unit of the International Atomic Energy Agency
(report attached in two languages) about the existence of an atomic radiation in Miri dam and its
extensions around Kadugli town.
On this respect, the Sudan government delegation declares its undertaking to work side by side
with the SPLM/A Nuba Central Committee and specialized authorities for all necessary
arrangements and procedures dealing with that report. The delegation, therefore values very
much the tremendous effort made by the member of SPLM/A Nuba Mountains Central
Committee, for finding and acquiring this important document.
Eng. Rizigalla Bakhat Khamis, Secretary for Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environment, Central Committee, SPLM/A Nuba Mountains.
(Eng. Abdel Bagi Hamdan Kabeir - on behalf of Eng. Rizigalla Bakhat Khamis.)
Ahmed Mousa Harin, Member National
Council, Sudan Government Delegation
Nairobi, Kenya. 31/7/1999
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